A new-born has just a few requisites; warmth, food and security. A mother who provides love and tenderness is also a vital source of food and nutrition for the baby i.e. the breast milk which has been endorsed by the experts all around the world, as the best sole source of nutrition for the baby exclusively for six months. Breast milk is not only the best natural gift of the first meal but also a medicine for the new-borns who are susceptible to various diseases; it renders bountiful benefits to the new-born as it has the perfect balance of nutrition which help in healthy and disease free growth and development of the infant.
A perfect blend of macronutrients (fats, carbohydrates and proteins) micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and development factors. Fats in breast milk provide 50-60% caloric intake of the baby; DHA and AA are of prime importance because they provide visual, neural, cognitive development and enhance it. Carbohydrates like Lactose and Glucose accounts for another source of energy to the baby, proteins are very active functionally having protective and structural role. It also has high bioavailability of vitamins like calcium, phosphates, iron and copper which have major role in bone development and enzyme synthesis.
Breast milk caters to the need of the baby and has great immunological properties due to the antibodies which keep them away from the risk of various diseases and childhood infections like gastrointestinal, ear, urinary tract and it also lowers risk of chronic illness, allergies, diarrhoea, asthma, heart disease, meningitis, childhood obesity etc. also it provides long term health advantages.
Another remarkable characteristic of breast milk is that it changes with the need of the baby while they grow. Breast milk is available whenever and wherever the baby needs it and it is easily digested, has the perfect temperature for the baby and it is clean and free. Babies fed on breast milk are likely to have a better IQ as suggested by the studies and show lower risk of certain types of cancer and a better response to immunization as breast milk carry antibodies from the mother i.e. the live human cells; and stem cells have also been reported in the human milk which cannot be replaced by any other source.